Map of routes and landmarks in Rome
iii. Circus Maximus
iv. Fontana di Trevi
vi. Piazza Spagna
Italian flag and Rome's Coat of Arms
Rome: ~2.9 million
Metropolitan area: ~4.3 million
Ciampino (27 km / 17 mi)
Fiumicino (32 km / 20 mi)
Latina (72 km / 45 mi)
Grosseto (189 km / 117 mi)
Naples (226 km / 140 mi)
Siena (232 km / 144 mi)
Florence (270 km / 168 mi)
The shuttle buses take from a half an hour to about an hour to get to Rome's centre.
Rome's bus, tram and metro fees are 1.50€ for a one-way ticket. The city's public transportation website is ATAC.
Imagine a colossal museum exhibiting millenniums of history merged together with a vibrant, modern European city – now you've got an idea of what Rome is like. Following its founding over 2,700 years ago, the “eternal city” was the torch that illuminated the West. Rome’s motto, Senatus Populus Que Romanus (SPQR), references the two social classes of ancient Rome – the patricians (ruling upper class) and the plebeians (commoners) – that lived within the Seven Hills of Rome.
The city’s most legendary monument is without a doubt the Colosseum – one of the seven wonders of the world, which, in its day, became the largest amphitheater with the greatest capacity in the Roman Empire. Officially the “Flavian Amphitheater”, the Colosseum was built with travertine stone in the 1st century. Many spectacles were held here, including gladiator and animal fights and even naval battles, which turned the center space into an aquatic arena. Thanks to its enormous size (nearly 200 meters long and 50 meters high), its stands could hold up to 70,000 people. Even in all its magnificence, however, the Colosseum was not the largest arena in Ancient Rome. This title belonged to the Circus Maximus (600 meters in length and 140 in width), which was built in phases and later rebuilt after numerous fires. At its peak, the arena packed in nearly 300,000 spectators, who cheered to chariot races alongside Julius Cesar, who watched from his private box.
Rome isn’t just filled with ancient monuments. It even holds the smallest country in the world and the headquarters of the Catholic Church – the Vatican. Besides housing the extraordinary Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo, this city-state is home to the largest cathedral in the world – St. Peter’s Basilica. Its 137-meter-high dome (448 feet) offers exceptional views of Rome.
Apart from being the likely origin of pasta, Ancient Rome is also where the precursor of modern pizza was invented. With a similar shape and cut, this “pre-pizza” was oven-baked with olive oil and spices. After visiting the Fontana di Trevi and the Piazzas Navona and Spagna (see routes above), end your day with a modern version of this in the traditional Trastevere barrio, where you can taste for yourself how these culinary creations have evolved. Locals claim that Rome’s pizza, pasta and calzones are unbeatable (unless you ask someone from Naples).